Tag: agricultural insurance

Is there a relationship between the prevailing model of agriculture and the structure of the crop and livestock insurance markets?

Given the strong dependence of its economic results on natural factors, agriculture is characterised by high exposure to risk. This paper explores the relationship between the prevailing ‘model of agriculture’ in a country and methods of risk management (in particular, insurance schemes). The Czech Republic and Poland are post-socialist countries which are characterised by different models of agricultural development. While agriculture in the Czech Republic is oriented to industrial farming with large farms, Polish agriculture has a bipolar structure that includes both small, family-owned farms and large agricultural holdings. Various approaches to agricultural insurance schemes may arise from the contrasting models of agriculture, and substantial differences in both the demand and supply sides of the crop and livestock insurance markets indicate different policy approaches to the role of agriculture in the economies of the two countries. In both the Czech Republic and Poland, policy options for farm risk management should consider the balance between budget flexibility and the criterion of efficiency (from the perspective of insurers).

Impact of interest rates on the decision to insure in agricultural production

This paper seeks to define the relationship between interest rates and decisions to insure among agricultural producers using the financial methodology. The choices are ultimately reduced to two options: to insure or to limit and absorb risk. Each choice produces a complex cash flow that is compared to the alternative and discounted by several factors. The difference between the options produces a quantitative measure of the financial incentive to insure. Some discounting factors of the cash flows follow the key interest rate to an extent for the latter to influence the decision to insure along with demand for insurance. The proposed method is tested on data from the emerging economy of Ukraine and the United States for the period 2002-2011. All participants of agricultural insurance markets can use the proposed methods to maximise efficiency. The research shows that ceteris paribus agricultural insurance requires bigger government subsidies to be viable under higher interest rates. Further empirical research is suggested.

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  • Scopus SJR (2023): 0.29
  • Scopus CiteScore (2022): 2.0
  • WoS Journal Impact Factor (2022): 1.2
  • WoS Journal Citation Indicator (2022): 0.45
  • ISSN (electronic): 2063-0476
  • ISSN-L 1418-2106



Publisher Name: Institute of Agricultural Economics Nonprofit Kft. (AKI)

Publisher Headquarters: Zsil utca 3-5, 1093-Budapest, Hungary

Name of Responsible Person for Publishing:        Dr. Pal Goda

Name of Responsible Person for Editing:             Dr. Attila Jambor

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

The publication cost of the journal is supported by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

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