Before submitting your paper, please check the Instruction for Authors below.

Instruction for Authors

Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published in English in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out. The author will retain the copyright of the article but agrees to identify the publisher. Papers will not normally exceed 6000 words including the reference list and figure and table captions. Authors intending to prepare a book review should first consult the Editor-in-Chief and such a review should not exceed 2000 words. Shorter papers  will also be considered for publication in the Short Communications section.

Manuscripts should be submitted in .doc or compatible format. Authors are free to use any format when submitting their article. Manuscripts will be double-blind reviewed by at least two reviewers and may be returned to the author(s) for revision before acceptance for publication. The Editor-in-Chief will normally consider only one re-submission.

Double-blind review

All submitted papers are reviewed using the double blind peer review process. All author names and affiliations are removed before sending the paper out for review. On submission, an article receives a manuscript number. This number should be quoted in all corrrespondence relating to the article.

New submissions are sent to two independent, anonymous reviewers, selected by the Editor. The recommendations of the reviewers are sent to the authors by the Editor. Revised articles should be sent directly to the Editor. When an article has been accepted, the Editor will inform the author(s) in which issue the paper will be published.

Publication ethics

Studies in Agricultural Economics aims to comply with the standards outlined in the COPE Codes of Conduct for Journal Editors and Publishers. These can be accessed at

All authors are expected to comply with the the best practice in publication and research ethics, especially regarding authorship, plagiarism, double submission and data manipulation. Any data, table, figure and/or ideas coming from other authors should be properly cited. All articles submitted are checked for plagiarism and once found, the article is rejected for publication.

After acceptance

The corresponding author will be provided, at no cost, with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Studies in Agricultural Economics has no page charges or submission fees.

Complete full-text articles may be published on the website in advance of their publication in a printed issue. These do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited before it appears in printed form.

Article structure

Divide your article into clearly defined sections but do not use section or subsection numbers. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. For research papers you are urged to consider using the following structure:

  • Introduction. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background with reference to the international literature, but avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
  • Methodology. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
  • Results. Results should be clear and concise.
  • Discussion. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section should normally be avoided. You should show how your results add to existing knowledge but avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

Where it is not appropriate to use the above framework, you should finish the paper with conclusions.

Essential title page information

  • Title. Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
  • Running title. Please provide an abbreviated title of no more than 60 characters (including spaces) that can be used as a running title on the page header.
  • Author names and affiliations. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below their names.
  • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate the corresponding author who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Please provide a telephone and fax number in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
  • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.

Additional information

  • Abstract. A single paragraph of 100-250 words should state the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
  • Keywords. Please provide a maximum of six keywords.
  • Abbreviations. If necessary, define abbreviations that are not standard in this field on the first page of the article.
  • Acknowledgements. If applicable, collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals and/or organisations that provided help, including financial support, during the research.
  • Nomenclature and units. Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI) i.e. metre, second, kilogramme etc. or accepted alternatives e.g. day, litre, tonne.
  • Math formulae. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text). For simple fractions use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used. Levels of statistical significance which can be mentioned without further explanation are: *P<0.05, **P<0.01 and ***P<0.001.
  • Footnotes. Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

Tables and figures

  • Tables. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Each table should be accompanied by a title and fully descriptive caption. Column headings should be brief but sufficiently explanatory and standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be included between parentheses. Do not use vertical rules to separate columns. Large tables should be avoided. If many data are to be presented, you should consider dividing them over two or more tables. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
  • Figures. Graphs, drawings or photographs should be supplied in digital format in monochrome and be of sufficient contrast. Figures prepared with Excel® software (or compatible format) are preferred. Captions should be included in the main manuscript, not attached to the figure, and should explain all symbols and abbreviations used. The text should include references to all figures. The use of figures from other publications is discouraged but, if used, permission of the author(s) or the copyright owner is necessary.


Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. For example: ‘as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown …’ Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

In the reference list, references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. They should not be numbered. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, etc. placed after the year of publication. The title of a non-English publication should be followed by the English translation in square brackets. Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Examples:

  • Reference to a journal publication. Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J. and Lupton, R.A. (2000): The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Science Communication 163, 51-59.
  • Reference to a book. Strunk Jr., W. and White, E.B. (1979): The Elements of Style (3rd edition). New York: Macmillan.
  • Reference to a chapter in an edited book. Mettam, G.R. and Adams, L.B. (1999): How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in Jones, B.S and Smith, R.Z. (eds), Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York: E-Publishing, 281–304.

For Web references, as a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates etc.), should also be given. Web sources should be included in the reference list alphabetically according to the author’s surname or organisation’s name.