Before submitting your paper, please check the Instruction for Authors below.



    Studies in Agricultural Economics is a peer-reviewed journal committed to ensuring the highest standards of publication ethics. All parties involved in the publishing process (editors, authors, reviewers and the publisher) have to agree upon standards of ethical behaviour. Our Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement (PEMS) is based on the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of the Committee on Publication Ethics – COPE (available at

    Authors should be aware that Studies in Agricultural Economics is an open access journal where publication is totally free of charge. Studies in Agricultural Economics publishes three issues a year (published in April, August and December). All articles are made available to the readers free of charge without any subscriptions. All content is made available online, including previous issues and articles. In this respect, the journal’s homepage ( is serving as an electronic backup for preserving access to the journal’s content.

    Information on ownership and management are clearly stated in the journal’s homepage ( The journal’s website has been designed in a way that high ethical and professional standards are ensured. The name of the journal is unique and is not aimed to be confusable with any other journals.

    The Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board

    Studies in Agricultural Economics has an established Editorial Board with recognised experts in agricultural economics. The full names and affiliations of Editorial Board Members are available at Contact information for the Editorial Office as well as copyright and licencing information is also given on our journal’s website and are available at We are highly committed to full editorial independence.

    The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board of Studies in Agricultural Economics are responsible for

    • Deciding on whether the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be published or not. In making such decisions, they are guided by the policies of the journal (Instruction for Authors, available here: and by legal requirements including copyright and plagiarism issues;
    • Providing guidance to guest editors, authors and reviewers on the whole publication process;
    • Providing new editorial board members with guidelines and keeping existing members updated;
    • Evaluating manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their academic and intellectual merit, without regard to race, age, gender, sexual orientation, disability, ethnic origin, religious belief, citizenship, political orientation or social class;
    • Ensuring a fair and unbiased double-blind peer review of the manuscripts with all information kept confidential;
    • Ensuring that authors’ and peer reviewers’ identities are protected;
    • Ensuring that reviewers selected do not have any conflict of interest with the author(s) and that reviewers have the knowledge and experience to undertake a decent review;
    • Developing and maintaining a database of suitable reviewers and updating it on the basis of reviewer performance;
    • Taking appropriate actions when ethical complaints are raised concerning a submitted or published manuscript. In cases of a suspected misconduct, they follow the COPE guidelines available at

    Authors and Authors’ Responsibilities

    We acknowledge that different countries and institutions have different norms on who is listed as an author of the manuscript submitted. However, all authors should apply to the following principles:

    • Authors should have substantial contributions to the conception and design of the work and/or data gathering & analysis and/or the interpretation of the results;
    • Authors should not publish the outcomes of the same research in more than one journal, including Studies in Agricultural Economics;
    • Authors should not submit the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one journal at a time;
    • Authors must ensure that they have written original works and that any work or ideas of others authors, contributors or sources have been appropriately cited and referenced;
    • Authors should take full responsibility and are accountable for all aspects of the work submitted including all important intellectual content and property rights;
    • Authors should agree that by submitting a manuscript to the journal, they adhere to principles listed in this PEMS statement;
    • Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and provide retractions or corrections of the mistakes;
    • Authors should provide a list of references and all financial support;
    • Authors should approve the final version of the manuscript published.

    We are committed to the highest standards of authorship transparency. We believe that the corresponding author has the right to act on behalf of all co-authors from the very beginning of the publication process.

    Peer-review process

    All submitted papers are reviewed using the double blind peer review process through which advice is asked on individual manuscripts from expert reviewers. All author names and affiliations are removed before sending the paper out for review. On submission, an article receives a manuscript number. This number should be quoted in all correspondence relating to the article.

    New submissions are sent to two independent, anonymous reviewers, selected by the Editor-in-Chief. The recommendations of the reviewers are sent to the authors by the Editor-in-Chief who is responsible for the objectivity of the judgements and findings of the reviews. Revised articles should be sent directly to the Editor-in-Chief. When an article has been accepted, the Editor-in-Chief will inform the author(s) in which issue the paper will be published.

    Reviewers have the following responsibilities:

    Reviewers assists the Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board in making editorial decisions and in improving the manuscript;

    • Reviewers who feel unqualified to provide a scientifically correct review in the amount of time given should immediately notify the Editor-in-Chief so that alternative reviewers can be contacted;
    • Reviewers treat all manuscripts as confidential documents;
    • Reviewers must report the Editor-in-Chief if they are aware of any copyright infringement and plagiarism;
    • Reviews should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments;
    • Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest.


    “Plagiarism ranges from the unreferenced use of others’ published and unpublished ideas, including research grant applications to submission under “new” authorship of a complete paper, sometimes in a different language” (COPE Guidelines on Good Publication Practice, available at:

    Examples of plagiarism include using another person’s ideas and/or language as if they were one’s own by quoting or using ideas without citing the source; paraphrasing; cutting and pasting internet-based materials and/or submitting someone else’s work as part of one’s own work.

    Studies in Agricultural Economics do not tolerate plagiarism in any forms and keep the right to check all submissions with appropriate plagiarism check tools. Submissions containing plagiarism, in whole or part, are automatically rejected. If plagiarism is discovered post-publication, we will follow the Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern section guidelines of this PEMS document.

    The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board will take all the necessary and reasonable steps to identify plagiarism and prevent publishing papers where any research misconduct occur. The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board will, under no circumstances, encourage or knowingly allow such misconducts.

    Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern

    The Editor-in-Chief and the Editorial Board will take Retractions, Corrections and Expressions of Concern in line with COPE’s guidelines ( If an author has made an error, the journal will issue a corrigendum. If the journal has made an error, this will issue an erratum. Retractions are just reserved for articles that are seriously flawed and their findings and conclusions should not be relied upon. The publisher as well as the Editors are always willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

    If the journal’s publisher or editors are made aware of any allegation of research misconduct, they will deal with such allegations immediately and inform all parties involved. In all cases raised, the Editors will follow COPE’s associated guidelines.



    Submission of an article to Studies in Agricultural Economics implies that the work described has not been published in English in any other peer-reviewed journal, is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, and that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out. The author will retain the copyright of the article but agrees to identify the publisher. Papers will not normally exceed 6000 words including the reference list and figure and table captions. Authors intending to prepare a book review should first consult the Editor-in-Chief and such a review should not exceed 2000 words. Shorter papers  will also be considered for publication in the Short Communications section.

    Manuscripts should be submitted in .doc or compatible format. Authors are free to use any format when submitting their article. Manuscripts will be double-blind reviewed by at least two reviewers and may be returned to the author(s) for revision before acceptance for publication. The Editor-in-Chief will normally consider only one re-submission.

    Double-blind review

    All submitted papers are reviewed using the double blind peer review process. All author names and affiliations are removed before sending the paper out for review. On submission, an article receives a manuscript number. This number should be quoted in all corrrespondence relating to the article.

    New submissions are sent to two independent, anonymous reviewers, selected by the Editor. The recommendations of the reviewers are sent to the authors by the Editor. Revised articles should be sent directly to the Editor. When an article has been accepted, the Editor will inform the author(s) in which issue the paper will be published.

    Publication ethics

    Studies in Agricultural Economics aims to comply with the standards outlined in the COPE Codes of Conduct for Journal Editors and Publishers. These can be accessed at Our Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement is available and downloadable at

    All authors are expected to comply with the the best practice in publication and research ethics, especially regarding authorship, plagiarism, double submission and data manipulation. Any data, table, figure and/or ideas coming from other authors should be properly cited. All articles submitted are checked for plagiarism and once found, the article is rejected for publication.

    After acceptance

    The corresponding author will be provided, at no cost, with a PDF file of the article via e-mail. The PDF file includes a cover sheet with the journal cover image and a disclaimer outlining the terms and conditions of use. Studies in Agricultural Economics has no page charges or submission fees.

    Complete full-text articles may be published on the website in advance of their publication in a printed issue. These do not yet have volume, issue or page numbers, so cannot be cited in the traditional way. They are therefore given a Digital Object Identifier (DOI), which allows the article to be cited before it appears in printed form.

    Article structure

    Divide your article into clearly defined sections but do not use section or subsection numbers. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. For research papers you are urged to consider using the following structure:

    • Introduction. State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background with reference to the international literature, but avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
    • Methodology. Provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
    • Results. Results should be clear and concise.
    • Discussion. This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section should normally be avoided. You should show how your results add to existing knowledge but avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

    Where it is not appropriate to use the above framework, you should finish the paper with conclusions.

    Essential title page information

    • Title. Concise and informative. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
    • Running title. Please provide an abbreviated title of no more than 60 characters (including spaces) that can be used as a running title on the page header.
    • Author names and affiliations. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below their names.
    • Corresponding author. Clearly indicate the corresponding author who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Please provide a telephone and fax number in addition to the e-mail address and the complete postal address.
    • Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address.

    Additional information

    • Abstract. A single paragraph of 100-250 words should state the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
    • Keywords. Please provide a maximum of six keywords.
    • Abbreviations. If necessary, define abbreviations that are not standard in this field on the first page of the article.
    • Acknowledgements. If applicable, collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals and/or organisations that provided help, including financial support, during the research.
    • Nomenclature and units. Follow internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI) i.e. metre, second, kilogramme etc. or accepted alternatives e.g. day, litre, tonne.
    • Math formulae. Present simple formulae in the line of normal text where possible. Number consecutively any equations that have to be displayed separately from the text (if referred to explicitly in the text). For simple fractions use the solidus (/) instead of a horizontal line. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. Give the meaning of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used. Levels of statistical significance which can be mentioned without further explanation are: *P<0.05, **P<0.01 and ***P<0.001.
    • Footnotes. Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively throughout the article, using superscript Arabic numbers. Indicate each footnote in a table with a superscript lowercase letter.

    Tables and figures

    • Tables. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text. Each table should be accompanied by a title and fully descriptive caption. Column headings should be brief but sufficiently explanatory and standard abbreviations of units of measurement should be included between parentheses. Do not use vertical rules to separate columns. Large tables should be avoided. If many data are to be presented, you should consider dividing them over two or more tables. Reversing columns and rows will often reduce the dimensions of a table.
    • Figures. Graphs, drawings or photographs should be supplied in digital format in monochrome and be of sufficient contrast. Figures prepared with Excel® software (or compatible format) are preferred. Captions should be included in the main manuscript, not attached to the figure, and should explain all symbols and abbreviations used. The text should include references to all figures. The use of figures from other publications is discouraged but, if used, permission of the author(s) or the copyright owner is necessary.


    Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed first alphabetically, then chronologically. For example: ‘as demonstrated (Allan, 1996a, 1996b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1995). Kramer et al. (2000) have recently shown …’ Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

    In the reference list, references should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. They should not be numbered. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, etc. placed after the year of publication. The title of a non-English publication should be followed by the English translation in square brackets. Journal titles should not be abbreviated. Examples:

    • Reference to a journal publication. Van der Geer, J., Hanraads, J.A.J. and Lupton, R.A. (2000): The art of writing a scientific article. Journal of Science Communication 163, 51-59.
    • Reference to a book. Strunk Jr., W. and White, E.B. (1979): The Elements of Style (3rd edition). New York: Macmillan.
    • Reference to a chapter in an edited book. Mettam, G.R. and Adams, L.B. (1999): How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in Jones, B.S and Smith, R.Z. (eds), Introduction to the Electronic Age. New York: E-Publishing, 281–304.

    For Web references, as a minimum, the full URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates etc.), should also be given. Web sources should be included in the reference list alphabetically according to the author’s surname or organisation’s name.