Tag: determinants

Agriculture-specific determinants of carbon footprint

The global food system, from fertiliser production to food packaging, is responsible for approximately one-third of all humancaused greenhouse gas emissions. The ecological footprint captures the ecological assets that a population needs to produce, the natural resources it consumes, and to absorb its waste. The carbon footprint as the main component represents more than 50% of the total ecological footprint. Carbon footprint is said to be a widely accepted indicator of GHG intensity, originating from different economic activities. Due to its important role in raising awareness of global warming, scientists and policymakers also use it as a management tool for estimating environmental pollution. In contrast, the application of carbon footprint on the agricultural sector is still limited in the literature. The paper aims to explore what agriculture-specific factors influence the carbon footprint at a global level based on 1961-2013 data. The study employs feasible generalized least squares estimator along with panel unit root tests. Results show that carbon footprint is stimulated by economic development and agricultural production (arable land, agricultural machinery, fertilizer use), and in addition, agricultural exporting has a positive impact on the carbon footprint. By contrast, the growth of carbon footprint is negatively related to the higher share ...

Country- and industry-specifi c determinants of intra-industry trade in agri-food products in the Visegrad countries

The article analyses country- and industry-specific determinants of horizontal and vertical intra-industry trade (IIT) in agri-food products between the Visegrad countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovak Republic) and the European Union in the period 1999-2013. The results show that IIT is mainly of a vertical nature in the Visegrad countries, though the majority of their exports consist of low quality/value-added agri-food products to European markets. The results obtained by generalised method of moments (GMM) panel model estimations suggest that factor endowments and distance are mainly negatively related to IIT, while product differentiation was found not to foster two-way trade of quality-differentiated goods. All model runs show a negative relationship between productivity as well as foreign direct investment and IIT.

Journal Metrics

Scimago Journal & Country Rank





  • Scopus SJR (2023): 0.29
  • Scopus CiteScore (2022): 2.0
  • WoS Journal Impact Factor (2022): 1.2
  • WoS Journal Citation Indicator (2022): 0.45
  • ISSN (electronic): 2063-0476
  • ISSN-L 1418-2106



Publisher Name: Institute of Agricultural Economics Nonprofit Kft. (AKI)

Publisher Headquarters: Zsil utca 3-5, 1093-Budapest, Hungary

Name of Responsible Person for Publishing:        Dr. Pal Goda

Name of Responsible Person for Editing:             Dr. Attila Jambor

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

The publication cost of the journal is supported by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.

Most viewed